What is TAPU? (Certificate of title to real estate)
You found your ideal apartment, negotiated a price with the seller, “shook hands” and even entered into a contract of sale. But remember, this treaty is more like a "gentleman's agreement." He still does not make you the full owner of the property and gives almost no guarantees.
The most important document, in the presence of which you become the official owner of housing in Turkey, is called TAPU. The registration procedure takes place at the local cadastral office in the presence of an interpreter. Do not forget, before you get TAPU, you have to pay the entire housing fee.
What is tapu?
TAPU (Certificate of title to real estate) is the only official document that confirms your ownership and sole ownership of the property.
The cadastral office carries out all procedures related to the execution of documents on property. Documents reflecting the fact of buying and selling real estate are stored in the archives of the State Administration of Land Cadastre and the State Registration Chamber.
In the official state form of TAPU, in addition to the value of the property (based on which the size of the annual property tax is calculated) contains the following information:
A. Basic data on real estate:
Photos of all owners. Must have a seal and signature of the official of the cadastral chamber!
Province / Civic Center (İl)
City, village (İlçesi)
Cadastral Plan / Drawing Sheet Number (Pafta No)
Cadastral / Quarter Number (Ada No)
Land Number (Parsel No)
Permitted use (Agricultural land / Settlement land / Forest land / Water fund land, etc.) (Niteliği)
Area / size of the plot expressed in whole numbers in hectares, square meters and decimeters.
B. Type of TAPU:
Ownership of a separate unit of real estate ready for operation (apartment, house, office, etc.), built on the land and approved by the municipal authorities (Kat Mülkiyeti)
Ownership of a separate unit of real estate not ready for use (due to incomplete construction work or due to the fact that permission from the municipality has not yet been obtained) (Kat İrtifakı)
Partial / temporary title to real estate (Devre mülk)
C. Information on a separate / independent unit located on a land plot:
Real Estate Bid (Satış bedeli)
Property Type (Niteliği)
Share of the land area (how much of the land area belongs to an independent unit) (Arsa payı)
Block number (building, house) (Blok No)
Floor Number (Kat No)
Independent Unit Number (Bağımsız Blm No.)
The reason the property is currently being transferred to the new owner (from whom and to whom the property is transferred to the property, any other explanations) (Edinme sebebi)
Information about the new owner / s. More than one person may be the owner of the property. In this case, the respective share of each owner (Sahibi) is also indicated.
D. This section on TAPU is for official use only.
The central lower section of TAPU should be signed by the cadastral chamber, and a stamp should be affixed here.
In Turkey, there is a unified system of processing documents for the ownership of real estate: the Cadastral Administration as a state body implements all procedures related to the processing of documents on property. Legality and validity are guaranteed at the state level.
After signing the contract, the seller, buyer, your sales manager and state translator (for foreign citizens who do not know the Turkish language) meet in the Cadastral Office for the transfer of TAPU.
It is important to know: the full price of the apartment, all taxes and other expenses must be paid before the registration of TAPU.
The seller signs a document stating that the property is fully paid. After receiving TAPU, the buyer becomes the full owner of the property.
Making TAPU in Turkey usually takes no more than three hours.
What documents will be needed?
To apply for TAPU, you must provide:
foreign passport of the buyer,
tax number (you need to get it from the Tax Inspectorate at the place of purchase of housing, it's free),
two color photographs (cost in Turkey within 5 dollars).
- Since 2020, the cost of registration of TAPU is 4% of the cadastral value of real estate.
- Also you have to pay a one-time fee for issuing TAPU - 1126 lire regardless of the number of people specified in TAPU.
- In addition, it is important to remember about the mandatory examination of the property. The purpose of the expert assessment is to establish the real cadastral value of an apartment or villa. Examination should